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The Banqueting House – Whitehall

The banquet hall of the Whitehall Palace in London, built in the 17th century according to the plan of the architect Inigo Jones, is a monument of great artistic value. The building is boldly ranked as the golden foundation of English architecture. As an example of a classic Palladian style, the Banquet Hall influenced several generations of architects in England. Initially, the mansion at which the Banquet Hall was located belonged to Cardinal Walsey. After he fell into disgrace, his possessions came to King Henry VIII. Soon, the luxurious town house owned by the archbishop became known as Whitehall Palace.


In the 16th century, it was even considered the main royal palace. At the moment, the Banquet Hall is the only surviving building of the palace destroyed by the fire. The Banquet House built by Johns has become a new page in the development of the country's architecture. It was a bold turn of architecture to the style of the Renaissance. The banquet house is a mansion of 3 floors, characterized by emphasized restrained architecture. Judging by the name, it involves banquets and receptions in it, and is not intended for living. The length of the building is 34 meters, width and height - 17 meters.


The centre of the palace is distinguished by eight columns, which are underlined on the lower floor by an ionic order, and on the upper - by a Corinthian order. The facade has large windows. The windows of the upper floor are decorated with a frieze depicting a garland carved on stone. The balustrade and the flat roof complete the composition. The interior of the Banquet House is admirable for its perfect proportions.


In 1893, the Banquet House building was transferred by Queen Victoria to the Royal Defense Advisory Institute. The Institute was going to remake the interior of the monument for its needs. However, the art community intervened in this process, and the redevelopment was limited to facing with white limestone. Until 1962, the Museum of this institute was located in the Banquet House. Now the old building is a historical and architectural landmark of London and is available for private events.


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